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Löslichkeit anorganischer Verbindungen

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Löslichkeit anorganischer Verbindungen

 

Löslichkeit anorganischer Verbindungen in Wasser in Abhängigkeit von der Temperatur

L = Löslichkeit in g/100g H2O
NameFormelL bei 0°CL bei 20°CL bei 40°CL bei 60°CL bei 80°CL bei 100°C%-Gehalt der gesättigten Lösung bei 20°CDichte der gesättigten Lösung bei 20°C
Aluminiumammoniumsulfat-DodecahydratAlNH4(SO4)2*12H2O2,66,612,421,135,2109,2 (95°C)6,21,0459 (15,5°C)
Aluminiumchlorid-HexahydratAlCl3*H2O44,945,646,3-47,7C-31,3-
Aluminiumkaliumsulfat-DodecahydratAlK(SO4)2*12H2O2,966,0113,633,3721095,671,053
Aluminiumnitrat-NonahydratAlNO3*9H2O6175,489108--43-
Aluminiumsulfat-OctadecahydratAl2(SO4)3*18H2O31,236,445,658738926,71,308
AmmoniumbromidNH4Br60,675,591,1107,8126,7145,643,9-
AmmoniumchloridNH4Cl29,737,64655,365,677,327,31,075
AmmoniumdihydrogenphosphatNH4(H2PO4)22,736,856,782,9120,717426,9-
Ammoniumseisen(II)-sulfat-Hexahydrat(NH4)2Fe(SO4)217,826,938,553,472-21,21,18
AmmoniumhydrogencarbonatNH4(HCO3)11,921,236,659,2109,235517,51,07
di- Ammoniumhydrogenphosphat(NH4)2(HPO4)57,568,681,897,6-115,5-40,71,3436 (14,5°)
AmmoniumiodidNH4I154,2172,3190,5208,9228,8250,363,3-
AmmoniummonovanadatNH4VO3-4,813,2-----
AmmoniumnitratNH4NO3118,5187,72834156101000651,308
Ammoniumsulfat(NH4)2SO470,475,481,287,494,1102431,247
AmmoniumthiocyanatNH4SCN115163235347--62-
Antimon(III)-chloridSbCl3601,6931,513684531--90,3-
BariumacetatBa(CH3COO)2587279747474--
Bariumchlorid-DihydratBaCl2*2H2O30,735,740,846,452,558,726,31,28
Bariumhydoxid-OctahydratBa(OH)2*8H2O1,53,58,221--3,41,04
Bariumiodid-hydratBaI2170203232247261272--
BariumnitratBa(NO3)259,114,420,327,234,28,31,069
BleibromidPbBr20,450,851,52,43,34,70,843-
BleichloridPbCl20,670,991,451,982,63,30,981,007
BleinitratPb(NO3)236,452,269,488107,5127,334,31,4
di-BortrioxidB2O31,12,246,29,515,72,15-
BorsäureH3BO32,75,048,714,823,639,74,81,015
Cadmiumchlorid-MonohydratCdCl2*H2O--135,3136,9140,4147--
CadmiumiodidCdI28086---128--
Cadmiumnitrat-TetrahydratCd(NO3)2*4H2O-153199---60,5-
Cadmiumsulfat-HydratCdSO4*(H2O)75,576,779,38284,6-43,41,616
CäsiumchloridCsCl161187208230250271--
CäsiumnitratCsNO39,32347,283,8134197--
CäsiumsulfatCs2SO4167179190200210220--
CalciumacetatCa(CH3COO)237,434,733,232,733,529,7--
Calciumchlorid-HexahydratCaCl2*6H2O60,374,5----42,71,43
Calciumchlorid-DihydratCaCl2*2H2O--128,1136,8147159--
Calciumnitrat-TetrahydratCa(NO3)24H2O101129,4196---56,4-
Calciumsulfat-DihydratCaSO4*2H2O0,180,20,210,20,190,160,21,001
Chrom(VI)-oxidCrO3163166,717117618919962,51,7100 (16,5°)
Cobaltchlorid-HexahydratCoCl2*6H2O41,953,669,5---34,9-
CobaltchloridCoCl2----90,5100107,5--
Cobaltnitrat-HexahydratCo(NO3)2*6H2O83,5100126169,5--50-
Cobaltsulfat-HeptahydratCoSO4*7H2O25,536,349,9---26,6-
Eisen(II)-chlorid-TetrahydratFeCl2*4H2O-62,3568,678,3--38,41,49
Eisen(III)-chlorid-HexahydratFeCl3*6H2O74,591,9----47,91,52
Eisen(III)-chloridFeCl3----525,1537--
Eisen(II)-sulfat-HeptahydratFeSO4*7H2O15,626,640,347,6--211,225
Eisen(II)-sulfat-MonohydratFeSO4*H2O----43,8(31,6)--
IodsäureHIO3249,5269295331,9378,1443,672,9-
KaliumacetatKCH3COO217256323350-380--
KaliumbromatKBrO33,16,813,12233,949,76,41,048
KaliumbromidKBr5465,876,185,995,3104,939,71,37
KaliumcarbonatK2CO3106110117127140156--
KaliumchloratKClO33,37,314,525,939,756,26,81,042
KaliumchloridKCl28,234,240,345,65156,225,51,174
KaliumchromatK2CrO45963,76770,975,179,238,91,378
KaliumcyanidKCN-6371,6(25°)-81,0 (50°)95,0 (75°)122,0 (103,3°)41.73 (25°)-
KaliumdichromatK2Cr2O74,712,526,345,67310311,11,077
KaliumdihydrogenphosphatKH2PO414,322,733,948,668-18,5-
KaliumdisulfitK2S2O527,544,963,98510813330,99-
Kaliumhexachloroplatinat (IV)K2[Pt(Cl)6]0,741,11,72,63,85,2--
Kaliumhexacyanoferrat(II)-TrihydratK4[Fe(CN)6]* 3H2O1528,942,75668,9-82,722,41,16
Kaliumhexacyanoferrat(III)K3[Fe(CN)6]29,94659,570,981,891,631,51,18
KaliumhydrogencarbonatKHCO322,633,345,360--24,981,18
di-Kaliumhydrogenphosphat-TrihydratK2HPO4*3H2O-159212,5---61,4-
di-KaliumhydrogenphosphatK2HPO4---266----
KaliumhydrogensulfatKHSO436,351,467,3--121,633,95-
KaliumhydrogentartratKHC4H4O60,320,51,32,54,66,9--
Kaliumhydroxid-MonohydratKOH*H2O--136,4147160178--
KaliumiodatKIO34,78,112,918,524,832,37,51,064
KaliumiodidKI127,8144,5161176,2191,520859,11,71
KaliumnitratKNO313,331,763,9109,9169245,224,11,16
di-Kaliumoxalat-MonohydratK2C2O4*H2O-35,9----26,4-
KaliumperchloratKClO40,761,73,67,213,422,21,71,008
KaliumperiodatKIO40,170,40,92,24,47,90,418-
KaliumpermanganatKMnO42,86,412,622,4--61,04
KaliumperoxodisulfatK2S2O80,180,51,1---0,468-
KaliumsulfatK2SO47,311,114,818,221,324,1101,0807
KaliumthiocyanatKSCN177218----68,551,42
Kupfer(I)-chloridCuCl-1,5(25°c)----1,497(25°C)-
Kupfer(II)-chlorid DihydratCuCl2*2H2O70,657783,891,299,2107,943,51,55
Kupfer(II)nitrat-TrihydratCu(NO3)2*3H2O--160179208-257--
Kupfer(II)sulfat-PentahydratCuSO4*5H2O14,820,82939,153,673,617,21,1965
KupfersulfatCuSO425,536,248607083--
LithiumbromidLiBr143177205224245266--
LithiumcarbonatLi2CO3-1,3----1,31-
Lithiumchlorid-MonohydratLiCl*H2O-82,890,4100113-127,545,31,29
Lithiumhydroxid-MonohydratLiOH*H2O1212,4-13,4 (50°C)14,9 (75°C)17,911-
LithiumiodidLiI151165180--480--
LithiumnitratLiNO34876---227--
Lithiumsulfat-MonohydratLi2SO4*H2O36,234,833,532,331,53125,61,23
Magnesiumchlorid-HexahydratMgCl2*6H2O52,854,657,560,765,972,735,31,331
Magnesiumnitrat-HexahydratMg(NO3)2*5H2O63,970,181,893,7--41,21,388 (25°C)
Magnesiumsulfat-HeptahydratMgSO4*7H2O-35,645,4---26,251,31
Mangan(II)-chlorid-TetrahydratMnCl2*4H2O63,673,688,7106,0 (58,1°)--42,41,499
Mangan(II)-chlorid DihydratMnCl2*2H2O----110,5115--
Mangan(II)-sulfat MonohydratMnSO4*H2O--6058,645,535,5--
Natriumacetat-TrihydratNaCH3COO * 3H2O36,346,465,4138,0 (58°)--31,71,17
NatriumbromidNaBr---118118,3121,2--
Natriumcarbonat-DecahydratNa2CO3*10H2O6,8621,7----17,81,1941
NatriumcarbonatNa2CO37,121,448,546,545,845,5--
Natriumcarbonat-MonohydratNa2CO3*H2O--48,946,244,544,5--
NatriumchloridNaCl-35,936,437,138,139,226,41,201
NatriumchloratNaClO380,598,8115,2-138-16720449,7-
Natriumchromat-TetrahydratNa2CrO4 * 4H2O--95,3115,1----
NatriumchromatNa2CrO4----124125,9--
Natriumdichromat-DihydratNa2Cr2O7 * 2H2O163,2180,2220,5283385-64,3-
Natriumdihydrogenphosphat-DihydratNaH2PO4 * 2H2O57,785,2138,2---46-
NatriumdihydrogenphosphatNaH2PO4---179,3207,3284,4--
tetra-Natriumdiphosphat-DecahydratNa4P2O7 * 10H2O2,75,512,521,93040,35,21,05
NatriumdisulfitNa2S2O5-65,371,179,988,7-10039,5-
NatriumfluoridNaF-3,64,1----3,941,04
NatriumhydrogencarbonatNaHCO36,899,612,71619,723,68,761,08
di-Natriumhydrogenphosphat-DodecahydratNa2HPO4 * 12H2O1,637,7----7,21,08
di-Natriumhydrogenphosphat-HeptahydratNa2HPO4 * 7H2O--55-----
di-Natriumhydrogenphosphat-DihydratNa2HPO4 * 2H2O---8392,4---
di-NatriumhydrogenphosphatNa2HPO4-----104,1--
Natriumhydroxid-MonohydratNaOH * H2O-109,2126178--52,21,55
NatriumhydroxidNaOH----313,7341--
NatriumiodatNaIO32,59,1-232732,8--
NatriumiodidNaI----295303--
NatriumnitratNaNO370,788,3104,9124,714817646,81,38
NatriumnitritNaNO27384,595,7112,3135,516345,81,33
Natriumperchlorat-MonohydratNaClO4 * H2O167181243---64,41,757
tri-Natriumphosphat-DodecahydratNa3PO4 * 12H2O1,512,131558110810,81,106
Natriumsulfat-DecahydratNa2SO4 * 10H2O4,5619,2----16,11,15
NatriumsulfatNa2SO4--48,145,343,142,3--
Natriumsulfid-NonahydratNa2S * 9H2O12,418,829---15,81,18
NatriumsulfitNa2SO3--3733,22926,6--
di-NatriumtetraboratNa2B4O71,22,7620,331,552,5--
Natriumthiosulfat-PentahydratNa2S2O3 * 5H2O52,570,1102,6---41,21,39
Nickelchlorid-HexahydratNiCl2 * 6H2O51,755,3----35,61,46
Nickelnitrat-HexahydratNi(NO3)2 * 6H2O79,294,1118,8---48,5-
Nickelsulfat-HexahydratNiSO4 * 6H2O---57----
Quecksilber(II)-bromidHgBr2-0,62 (25°)0,961,72,84,90,62 (25°)-
Quecksilber(II)-chloridHgCl24,296,69,613,924,254,16,21,052
RubidiumbromidRbBr89110-150175190--
RubidiumchloridRbCl70,683,6---128--
RubidiumsulfatRb2SO434,24555,2--79,5--
SilbernitratAgNO3115219,2334,8471652102468,62,18
SilbersulfatAg2SO40,570,790,981,151,31,50,75-
Strontiumbromid-HexahydratSrBr2 * 6H2O87,998113135175222,549,5-
Strontiumchlorid-HexahydratSrCl2 * 6H2O44,153,966,685,2--351,39
Strontiumhydroxid-OctahydratSr(OH)2 * 8H2O0,350,71,53,1724,20,69-
StrontiumnitratSr(NO3)2--91,294,297,2101,2--
Thallium(I)-carbonatTl2CO3-3,9----3,77-
Thallium(I)-chloridTlCl0,170,30,611,62,40,329-
Thallium(I)-nitratTlNO33,819,520,946,21114138,7-
Uranylnitrat-HexahydratUO2(NO3)2 * 6H2O98125,8163---55,71-
ZinkbromidZnBr2390440-620640670--
ZinkchloridZnCl2--453488541---
Zinknitrat-HexahydratZn(NO3)2 * 6H2O92,7118,3----54,21,67
Zinknitrat-TetrahydratZn(NO3)2 * 4H2O--211,5-----
Zinksulfat-HeptahydratZnSO4 * 7H2O41,653,8----351,47
Zinksulfat-MonohydratZnSO4 * H2O---76,566,760,5--
Zinn(II)-chloridSnCl283,9269,8 (15°)----72,96 (15°)2,07

Quelle: Merck- Tabellen für das Labor

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